HTML Quotation and Citation


HTML <q> for Short Quotations

The HTML <q> element defines a short quotation.

Browsers usually insert quotation marks around the <q> element.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>Browsers usually insert quotation marks around the q element.</p>

<p>WWF's goal is to: <q>Build a future where people live in harmony with nature.</q></p>

</body>
</html>

HTML <blockquote> for Long Quotations

The HTML <blockquote> element defines a quoted section.

Browsers usually indent <blockquote> elements.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>Browsers usually indent blockquote elements.</p>

<blockquote cite="http://www.worldwildlife.org/who/index.html">
For 50 years, WWF has been protecting the future of nature.
The world's leading conservation organization,
WWF works in 100 countries and is supported by
1.2 million members in the United States and
close to 5 million globally.
</blockquote>

</body>
</html>

HTML <abbr> for Abbreviations

The HTML <abbr> element defines an abbreviation or an acronym.

Marking abbreviations can give useful information to browsers, translation systems and search-engines.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The <abbr title="World Health Organization">WHO</abbr> was founded in 1948.</p>

<p>Marking up abbreviations can give useful information to browsers, translation systems and search-engines.</p>

</body>
</html>

HTML <address> for Contact Information

The HTML <address> element defines contact information (author/owner) of a document or article.

The <address> element is usually displayed in italic. Most browsers will add a line break before and after the element.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The HTML address element defines contact information (author/owner) of a document or article.</p>

<address>
Written by Jon Doe.<br> 
Visit us at:<br>
Example.com<br>
Box 564, Disneyland<br>
USA
</address>

</body>
</html>

HTML <cite> for Work Title

The HTML <cite> element defines the title of a work.

Browsers usually display <cite> elements in italic.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The HTML cite element defines the title of a work.</p>
<p>Browsers usually display cite elements in italic.</p>

<img src="img_the_scream.jpg" width="220" height="277" alt="The Scream">
<p><cite>The Scream</cite> by Edward Munch. Painted in 1893.</p>

</body>
</html>

HTML <bdo> for Bi-Directional Override

The HTML <bdo> element defines bi-directional override.

The <bdo> element is used to override the current text direction:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>If your browser supports bi-directional override (bdo), the next line will be written from right to left (rtl):</p>

<bdo dir="rtl">This line will be written from right to left</bdo>

</body>
</html>


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