HTML Paragraphs


HTML Paragraphs

The HTML <p> element defines a paragraph.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Note Browsers automatically add an empty line before and after a paragraph.

HTML Display

You cannot be sure how HTML will be displayed.

Large or small screens, and resized windows will create different results.

With HTML, you cannot change the output by adding extra spaces or extra lines in your HTML code.

The browser will remove extra spaces and extra lines when the page is displayed.

Any number of spaces, and any number of new lines, count as only one space.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>
This paragraph contains a lot of lines in the source code,
but the browser ignores it.
</p>

<p>
This paragraph contains      a lot of spaces in the source     code,
but the    browser ignores it.
</p>

<p>
The number of lines in a paragraph depends on the size of the browser window. If you resize the browser window, the number of lines in this paragraph will change.
</p>

</body>
</html>


Don't Forget the End Tag

Most browsers will display HTML correctly even if you forget the end tag:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This is a paragraph.
<p>This is a paragraph.
<p>This is a paragraph.

<p>Don't forget to close your HTML tags!</p>

</body>
</html>

The example above will work in most browsers, but do not rely on it.

Forgetting the end tag can produce unexpected results or errors.

Note Stricter versions of HTML, like XHTML, do not allow you to skip the end tag.

HTML Line Breaks

The HTML <br> element defines a line break.

Use <br> if you want a line break (a new line) without starting a new paragraph:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>This is<br>a para<br>graph with line breaks</p>

</body>
</html>

The <br> element is an empty HTML element. It has no end tag.


The Poem Problem

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>In HTML, spaces and new lines are ignored:</p>

<p>

  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

  My Bonnie lies over the sea.

  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.
  
  Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.

</p>

</body>
</html>


The HTML <pre> Element

The HTML <pre> element defines preformatted text.

The text inside a <pre> element is displayed in a fixed-width font (usually Courier), and it preserves both spaces and line breaks:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<p>The pre tag preserves both spaces and line breaks:</p>

<pre>
   My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

   My Bonnie lies over the sea.

   My Bonnie lies over the ocean.
   
   Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.
</pre>

</body>
</html>


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