HTML Attributes

HTML Attributes

  • HTML elements can have attributes
  • Attributes provide additional information about an element
  • Attributes are always specified in the start tag
  • Attributes come in name/value pairs like: name="value"

The lang Attribute

The document language can be declared in the 


The language is declared in the lang attribute.

Declaring a language is important for accessibility applications (screen readers) and search engines:






My First Heading


My first paragraph.









The first two letters specify the language (en). If there is a dialect, use two more letters (US).

The title Attribute

HTML paragraphs are defined with the 


In this example, the 

 element has a title attribute. The value of the attribute is "About W3Schools":



W3Schools is a web developer's site.
It provides tutorials and references covering
many aspects of web programming,
including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, XML, SQL, PHP, ASP, etc.


The href Attribute

HTML links are defined with the  tag. The link address is specified in the href attribute:

This is a link

Size Attributes

HTML images are defined with the  tag.

The filename of the source (src), and the size of the image (width and height) are all provided as attributes:

The image size is specified in pixels: width="104" means 104 screen pixels wide.

You will learn more about images and the tag later in this tutorial.

The alt Attribute

The alt attribute specifies an alternative text to be used, when an HTML element cannot be displayed.

The value of the attribute can be read by "screen readers". This way, someone "listening" to the webpage, i.e. a blind person, can "hear" the element.